A land of contrasts

 

The quality of the landscapes, natural environment and building heritage of the Luberon National Park is ideal for many different activities (visiting picturesque villages, a variety of landscapes, hiking, open air leisure activities…).

Added to the UNESCO global network of biosphere reserves in 1997, it is home to an exceptionally wide variety of fauna and flora and a rich architectural heritage and landscape.
The perfect place for a holiday, Manosque is one of the four largest towns in this region which stretches over 60km from Cavaillon to Volx.

The park was established in 1977. It stretches over 2 departments (Vaucluse and Alpes de Haute Provence) and an area of 185,000 hectares. It includes 77 districts comprising 170,000 inhabitants.
At the crossroads of the climatic influences of the Alps and the Mediterranean, the Luberon mountains (Mourre Nègre the high point at 1,125 metres) begin in the West near Cavaillon, run along the Durance valley to the south, make a foray into the Alpes de Haute-Provence department, and circle Manosque in the east. The Luberon massif arose during the tertiary period. Severely eroded nowadays, it extends from east to west over about sixty kilometers and rises to a height of 1,125 metres.

In the south, it is bordered by the Durance valley and to the north by the Calavon valley, which separates it from another range, the slightly higher Vaucluse mountains. This geographical structure gives the area a wide variety of landscapes, strongly influenced by a Mediterranean climate. The Petit Luberon is in the west; a rugged landscape of high rocky cliffs (with a maximum altitude of 700 metres) and in the east the Grand Luberon: immense, rounded shapes (Mourre Nègre is the high point at 1,125 metres).

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